|Fulton Armory M1 Carbine|
|Caliber||.30 M1 Carbine|
|Barrel Length||45.5 cm|
|Effective range||Over 300m|
|Magazine Capacity||15 or 30* round detachable box magazine|
|Muzzle Velocity||595 m/s|
|Country of Origin||United States|
The lightweight rifle of World War II, the M1 Carbine (below) was seen in almost every military operation. A double magazine pouch of spare ammunition could be attached around the buttstock for extra firepower.
The M1 Carbine, caliber.30 M1 was developed as a compromise weapon—lighter and more efficient than a rifle; more stopping power than a pistol. This arm served as a “light rifle” that could provide both the weight advantage and portability of a handgun while allowing the increased range possible with a rifle. For officers many soldiers in support roles, where the larger service rifle would not be appropriate, the smaller M1 Carbine filled the varied assignments that a pistol could not adequately cover.
The M1 Carbine was the brainchild of David “Carbine” Williams, who developed the concept for this standard rifle while serving time in prison for second-degree murder. William’s expertise was so well known that the prison’s warden even allowed him to perform maintenance on the guns used by the guards!
*The carbine’s detachable fifteen round box magazine provided increased cartridge capacity over the M1 Garand’s eight-round “en bloc” clip. The later M2 selective fire carbine used 30 round magazines.