M1 Carbine

M1 Carbine

M1 Carbine

Fulton Armory M1 Carbine

Type Semi-automatic Rifle
Caliber .30 M1 Carbine
Weight 2.5 kg
Length 90.5 cm
Barrel Length 45.5 cm
Effective range Over 300m
Magazine Capacity 15 or 30* round detachable box magazine
Muzzle Velocity 595 m/s
Country of Origin United States

The lightweight rifle of World War II, the M1 Carbine (below) was seen in almost every military operation. A double magazine pouch of spare ammunition could be attached around the buttstock for extra firepower.

The M1 Carbine, caliber.30 M1 was developed as a compromise weapon—lighter and more efficient than a rifle; more stopping power than a pistol. This arm served as a “light rifle” that could provide both the weight advantage and portability of a handgun while allowing the increased range possible with a rifle. For officers many soldiers in support roles, where the larger service rifle would not be appropriate, the smaller M1 Carbine filled the varied assignments that a pistol could not adequately cover.


The M1 Carbine was the brainchild of David “Carbine” Williams, who developed the concept for this standard rifle while serving time in prison for second-degree murder. William’s expertise was so well known that the prison’s warden even allowed him to perform maintenance on the guns used by the guards!

*The carbine’s detachable fifteen round box magazine provided increased cartridge capacity over the M1 Garand’s eight-round “en bloc” clip. The later M2 selective fire carbine used 30 round magazines.

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